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The Food Almanac: Thursday, June 6th, 2013


Food And War
On this date in 2000, on the anniversary of D-Day in 1944, the D-Day Museum opened in the Warehouse District of New Orleans. It was a big success, and expanded its scope to become the World War II Museum. It's a great place to visit, and it gets better with each year. That has made a big difference in that neighborhood, not just for the excellence of the museum, but also in triggering the opening and success of quite a few restaurants. They include Sun Ray Grill, Cochon, A Mano, Ugly Dog Saloon, Eleven 79, and the restaurant right in the museum itself: American Sector, with its 1940s theme.

Roots Of Creole Cuisine
On this date in 1716, the first slaves arrived in Louisiana. Slavery is not something to celebrate, of course. But its victims did enhance the Creole cuisine by mixing African flavors with French ones. Creole cooking is as much African as anything else.

Food Around The World
This is the national day of Sweden. It notes the independence of Sweden from the Danish Kalmar Union on this date in 1523, when the first king of Sweden took the throne. Americans suppose that the food of Sweden is boring, but in its specialties--fish, particularly salmon and herring--it can be delicious. The Swedes have a tastes for crawfish, but cook it in a much milder way than we do in Louisiana. Also good is smorgasbord, which might be the world's oldest formal buffet. The favored tipple in Sweden is akvavit--a kind of vodka flavored with herbs and spices, notably caraway. The toast is "skoal!"

Today's Flavor
Today is National Rabbit Day. Eating rabbit is different. It's not chicken, it's not fish, it's not beef, it's not pork. There's nothing else we eat that's really like it. On the other hand, everything about the flavor and texture of rabbit recommends it. Rabbit is almost absurdly tender, very lean, flavorful without being gamy, and heaven knows they're not endangered. Its only problem is that many people can't bring themselves to eat the adorable bunny they've come to love through cartoons.

The rabbit we encounter in restaurants and stores is farm-raised and very young--usually only about three months old. Although I don't think it's really necessary, it's often marinated in wine and savory herbs for awhile.

The legs are the toughest parts, as they are in a chicken or duck. Those are best cooked slowly and with a lot of moisture. The loins (also called the "saddle" when kept whole) consists more or less of what would be the rib roasts in beef. Those can be roasted or even grilled.

On the other hand, a rabbit can be halved and slow-roasted in two pieces, again like a chicken or a duck. When this is done with a natural stock and some herbs and vegetables, you have a delicious thing indeed, as tender as anything you can eat.

Gourmet Gazetteer
Rabbit Town is in northeast Alabama, sixty-eight miles northeast of Birmingham. To some extent, it's beginning to be a suburb of Birmingham, with a mix of theme housing developments and some big homes on large spreads of land. And dairy farms, too. Many restaurant chain locations are a mile or two away on US 431. The most intriguing in that cluster is Papa Dubie's. I wonder if they serve rabbit?

Annals Of Food And Drink Advertising
In front of a house on US 190 in Louisiana there once stood a hand-painted sign that read, "Rabbits. Pets or Meat." . The label for Coca-Cola was patented today in 1887 by J.S. Pemberton.

The Old Kitchen Sage Sez:
Whenever I serve rabbit, I don't tell anybody what it is until after they've finished and told me how great they think the dish is. Then I laugh as they cry.

Deft Dining Rule #72
A server who responds to your legitimate complaint with an immediate argument as to why you're wrong should be told that you want to see the manager.

Food Namesakes
Here's an irony: today in 1913, Walter "Rabbit" Maranville, a Hall of Fame baseball player, was thrown out trying to steal home three times in a single game. Record producer Jimmy Jam was born today in 1959. .Bulgarian singer and ballerina Mariana Popova gave her first note today in 1978. (Get it? Popover?)

Edible Dictionary
madrilene, [mad-rih-LEHN], French, n., adj.--The classical canon of French cookery, in which almost everything was strictly defined, has been fading in importance. While many classic dishes are still going strong, there has been a lot more leeway for chefs' interpretations. This has resulted in the disappearance of a lot of old dishes. Madrilene--which is not much more than a beef consomme to which tomato juice has been added and cooked until the flavors are right--is one of those. I remember seeing it during my grocery-store days in its canned form--always under the label of a brand perceived as gourmet, like Crosse and Blackwell or Reese. The name madrilene means "in the style of Madrid," which in turn once referred to anything with tomato in it. That usage became extinct. but the soup lived on to enjoy its present near-oblivion.

Words To Eat By
"Rarebit. n. A Welsh rabbit, in the speech of the humorless, who point out that it is not a rabbit. To whom it may be solemnly explained that the comestible known as toad-in-a-hole is really not a toad, and that riz-de-veau à la financière is not the smile of a calf prepared after the recipe of a she banker."--Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary.

"I don't go for the nouvelle approach -- serving a rabbit rump with coffee extract sauce and a slice of kiwi fruit."--Jeff Smith, The Frugal Gourmet.

Words To Drink By
"Many are saved from sin by being so inept at it."--Mignon McLaughlin, American writer, born today in 1913.


June 6, 2013: The Day America Found Big Brother in Big Data

Sadly, June 6, 2013, will go down as a watershed moment in American history: the day that Americans realized they have lost their privacy and Fourth Amendment protections to terrorism. Hopefully, it will also be the day they begin demanding them back.

Americans awakened the morning of June 6 to the news that Verizon had been providing virtually all communications traffic data, known as pen register/trap trace data, from its Verizon Business unit to the National Security Agency, pursuant to a top secret court order obtained under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). The order directed Verizon to produce “on an ongoing daily basis…all call detail records…(i) between the United States and abroad or (ii) wholly within the United States, including local telephone calls.” Wow. That is every record, every day, domestic and foreign, including local calls.

Later that day, The Washington Post broke the story that the FBI and NSA have a top secret program called PRISM that has been operating for six years and directly connecting to nine private sector company servers and sucking out video chats, emails, documents, phone calls over the Internet, photographs, stored data, and social networking data. The nine companies specifically named in top secret documents given to the Post were labeled as “government service providers” and included Microsoft , Yahoo , Google, Facebook, PalTalk, AOL, Skype, YouTube, and Apple.

What in the world is going on here? First of all, federal law prohibits the U.S. government from conducting intelligence activities against domestic persons. Secondly, the FBI is a law enforcement agency within the Department of Justice. It requested the secret orders but the production/collection of the data was directed to the NSA, a government agency funded in part by the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community. A former NSA attorney speculated that perhaps DOJ was relying on provisions in the Economy Act that enable one government agency to obtain the services of another. Ok. but for years??

The obviously incestuous relationship that has existed for some time between the nation's leading law enforcement agency and one of its largest intelligence agencies is troublesome to say the least. The inquiry should not stop with FBI and NSA activities, however it also should extend to an examination of NSA's relationship with the Department of Homeland Security, particularly its EINSTEIN program that always has been somewhat secret and uses private sector data feeds. DHS refers to the program as an "intrusion detection system," which has caused winks even within the Department. In 2009, Jesselyn Radack noted in an article in The Los Angeles Times that "Einstein 3 focuses on collecting, processing, and analyzing all person-to-person communications content rather than looking for hacker and malicious software attack patterns directed at government sites and installations -- which should raise eyebrows."

The Fourth Amendment's "right to be secure in their houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures" and its requirement that any court order issued for these items be "based upon probable cause" has been decimated by the Bush and Obama Administrations' zeal to track terrorists at any cost and Congress's willingness to go along with it. It is time for America to send a message that the price is too high. Our society is based on the premise that we are granted certain unalienable rights and that sometimes criminal acts will be committed, but our laws, police forces, courts, and jails work to deter that. It is a balance of freedom and deterrence. That balance is lost when the government believes it has to hear, see, and read everything in our digital lives in order to stop a terrorist.

Last September, I posted a blog expressing concern about credible reports on massive NSA surveillance and data collection and pondered whether it was time for another Church Committee to investigate intelligence surveillance. I noted that, “At a bare minimum, when the 113th Congress convenes in January, 2013, it needs to conduct a full review of privacy laws and protections for civil liberties against the government collection of and access to communications data.” Today, that action is inadequate. Congress needs to reinstitute the Independent Counsel Reauthorization Act that expired on June 30, 1999, and present it to the president for signature. Unlike the U.S. Office of Special Counsel within the Department of Justice, which investigates prohibited personnel practices, an Independent Counsel is an independent prosecutor that reports to Congress.

Despite claims by James Clapper, the Director of National Intelligence, and the president that the exposed top secret programs are perfectly legal, the sheer scope of them makes an independent review a responsible course of action. "In 1978, the Church Committee hearings discovered widespread abuse of FBI and NSA surveillance for 2 years. That is why we have FISA. It was an attempt to put judicial oversight in a process that we know can be abused," observed Lee Tien, senior attorney for the Electronic Frontier Foundation. "June 6 could be a day known for the reclamation of democracy if we seize this opportunity to protect our democratic principles," he added.

There must be no delay, no long, drawn-out investigations, or measures contrived for political advantage: an Independent Counsel must be authorized and appointed to investigate surveillance programs, bring secret processes to scrutiny, and reset the balance of rights v. risk.


The almanac

Today is Thursday, June 6, the 157th day of 2013 with 208 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Mercury, Saturn and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Spanish painter Diego Velazquez in 1599 American patriot Nathan Hale in 1755 painter John Trumbull in 1756 Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin in 1799 clothier David T. Abercrombie in 1867 British Antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott in 1868 German novelist Thomas Mann in 1875 bandleader Ted Lewis in 1892 Indonesian dictator Achmed Sukarno in 1901 bandleader Jimmie Lunceford in 1902 singers Levi Stubbs in 1936 and Gary "U.S." Bonds in 1939 (age 74) Olympic gold medal sprinter and protester Tommie Smith in 1944 (age 69) actors David Dukes in 1945, Robert Englund in 1947 (age 66) and Harvey Fierstein in 1952 (age 61) comedian Sandra Bernhard in 1955 (age 58) tennis player Bjorn Borg in 1956 (age 57) and actors Amanda Pays in 1959 (age 54) and Paul Giamatti in 1967 (age 46).

In 1844, the Young Men's Christian Association -- YMCA -- was founded in London.

In 1872, feminist Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in an election in Rochester, N.Y. She refused to pay the fine and a judge allowed her to go free.

In 1933, the first drive-in movie theater opened in Camden, N.J.

In 1944, hundreds of thousands of Allied troops began crossing the English Channel in the "D-Day" invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. It was the largest invasion in history.

In 1966, James Meredith, who in 1962 became the first African-American to attend the University of Mississippi, was wounded by a sniper during a civil rights march through the South.

In 1972, a coal mine explosion in Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, trapped 464 miners underground. More than 425 people died.

In 1982, Israeli forces invaded Lebanon.

In 2002, U.S. President George W. Bush proposed creation of a Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security. Its main responsibility would be prevention of terrorist attacks.

In 2003, U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft defended the Justice Department's detention of 762 illegal immigrants after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and urged Congress to give authorities even broader power to pursue suspected terrorists.

In 2007, the remains of thousands of Jews killed by Nazis during World War II were unearthed from a mass grave found by workers digging pipelines in Ukraine.

In 2009, a fire that inspectors said began in a tire store next door destroyed a child-care center in Hermosillo, Mexico, killing 35 children ages 1-5 and injuring about 100 others.

In 2012, a U.N. report said if current patterns of production and consumption of natural resources are not reversed the world will face "unprecedented levels of damage and degradation."

A thought for the day: "The only certainty is that nothing is certain," from Pliny the Elder.


UPI Almanac for Monday, June 6, 2016

Today is Monday, June 6, the 158th day of 2016 with 208 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Spanish painter Diego Velazquez in 1599 American patriot Nathan Hale in 1755 painter John Trumbull in 1756 Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin in 1799 clothier David T. Abercrombie in 1867 British antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott in 1868 German novelist Thomas Mann in 1875 bandleader Ted Lewis in 1892 Indonesian dictator Achmed Sukarno in 1901 bandleader Jimmie Lunceford in 1902 singer Levi Stubbs in 1936 singer and Gary "U.S." Bonds in 1939 (age 77) Olympic gold medal sprinter/protester Tommie Smith in 1944 (age 72) actor David Dukes in 1945 actor Robert Englund in 1947 (age 69) actor Harvey Fierstein in 1952 (age 64) comedian Sandra Bernhard in 1955 (age 61) tennis player Bjorn Borg in 1956 (age 60) actor Amanda Pays in 1959 (age 57) actor Paul Giamatti in 1967 (age 49).

In 1844, the Young Men's Christian Association -- YMCA -- was founded in London.

In 1872, feminist Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in an election in Rochester, N.Y. She refused to pay the fine and a judge allowed her to go free.

In 1933, the first drive-in movie theater opened -- in Camden, N.J.

In 1944, hundreds of thousands of Allied troops began crossing the English Channel in the D-Day invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. It was the largest invasion in history.

In 1966, James Meredith, who in 1962 became the first African-American to attend the University of Mississippi, was shot by a sniper during a civil rights "March Against Fear" walk in the South. Meredith was hospitalized and recovered from his wounds, later rejoining the long march, which he had originated.

In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, Democratic presidential candidate and former U.S. attorney general, died the day after he was struck by an assassin's bullets in California. He was 42.

In 1972, a coal mine explosion in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), trapped 464 miners underground. More than 425 people died.

In 1982, thousands of Israeli forces pushed deep into Lebanon in an effort to defeat Palestinian guerrillas sheltering in southern border region and near the capital of Beirut. Syria said its forces joined the fighting in a major escalation of the conflict..

In 2007, the remains of thousands of Jews killed by Nazis during World War II were unearthed from a mass grave found by workers digging pipelines in Ukraine.

In 2009, a fire that inspectors said began in a tire store next door destroyed a child-care center in Hermosillo, Mexico, killing 35 children ages 1-5 and injuring about 100 others.

In 2012, a U.N. report said if current patterns of production and consumption of natural resources are not reversed the world will face "unprecedented levels of damage and degradation."

In 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his wife, Lyudmila, said they were separating after three decades of marriage. In April 2014, the Kremlin said they had divorced.

In 2014, world leaders at D-Day 70th anniversary ceremonies in France included U.S. President Barack Obama, who told aging World War II veterans at the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial above Omaha Beach: "Gentlemen, we are truly humbled by your presence today."

A thought for the day: "Compassion is not weakness, and concern for the unfortunate is not socialism." -- Hubert H. Humphrey


June 6th

1944 : Dwight D. Eisenhower, commander of Allied Expeditionary Forces in World War II gives the go-ahead for a massive invasion of Europe called Operation Overlord / D-Day by British, Canadian and American forces and a million Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy in northern France.

1923 USA One Piece Swimming Suits

1923 : Much debate and laws occur when one-piece swimming suits become the fashion for beach-bound women. Various cities ban the new style while others will allow it but only if the new suits are appropriate for swimming and not just for fashion.

1932 USA 1 Cent Federal Tax On Gas

1932 : The first federal gasoline tax (All US States had a gas tax prior to this starting in Oregon in 1919) was created with the enactment of the Revenue Act of 1932 with a tax of 1 cent/gal.

1933 USA Boulder Dam

1933 : The first concrete was poured today on creating the Boulder Dam and is work is expected to last for a further 3 years to create the tallest dam in the world. The base of the Dam will be 660 ft thick and will rise over 700 ft when completed. More about the Boulder Dam.

Born This Day In History 6th June

Celebrating Birthday Today

Born: June 6th, 1936, Detroit, Michigan

Died: October 17, 2008, Detroit, Michigan

Known For : Levi Stubbs was the lead singer of the popular R&B group, the Four Tops. The group was signed to Motown Records in 1963 and Levi had a number of successful songs with the Four Tops throughout the 1960s and 1970s including, "Baby I Need Your Loving," "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)," and "Reach Out I'll Be There." In addition to his singing career, Stubbs did a little voice work as he provided the voice of Audrey II in the film version of Little Shop of Horrors in 1986 and voiced the character of Mother Brain in the cartoon Captain N: The Game Master from 1989 to 1991.

1933 USA Movie Theater

1933 : The first drive in movie theater is opened in Camden, NJ.

1934 USA Securities Exchange Act

1934 : President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Securities Exchange Act , this was in response to the 1929 stock market crash which was a major factor in the great depression years of the 30's. Up till that point the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) had been operating with little or no government control and the creation of the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) was hoped to restore investor confidence in the market.

1962 Algiers Outbreak Civil Fighting

1962 : Muslim auxiliary police fired on French troops in Algeria. Three Muslims and one French lieutenant were killed as a result. According to police the outbreak began when a group of armed Muslim civilians attacked French troops and French troops opened fire. In response to the incident auxiliary Muslim police came to the scene and also opened fire.

1975 UK Referendum European Economic Community

1975 : The UK has it's first nationwide referendum over the continued membership of the European Economic Community. 2/3 of voters support the government's campaign to stay in the EEC, or Common Market.

Great gifts or party favors for special occasions like birthdays, anniversaries, retirements, work anniversaries, or reunions sent via E-mail as PDF and JPEG files (allow 24 to 48 Hours).

1978 USA California Proposition 13 A

1978 : California voters overwhelmingly approve Proposition 13 A "People's Initiative to Limit Property Taxation,". Following the proposition 13 passage a cap is placed on property tax rates in the state, reducing them by an average of 57%.

1981 India Train Crash

1981 : A major rail accident when more than 500 passengers are killed is caused by an engineer who was reverential of cows causing the train to go over the bridge and sink in the river.

1984 India Golden Temple Compound

1984 : The Indian government sends army troops into the Sikh rebel held Golden Temple compound in Amritsar the holiest shrine of Sikhism where they kill at least 500 Sikh rebels. The army was also ordered to attack Sikh guerrillas besieged in three dozen other temples and religious shrines throughout the state of Punjab.

1999 USA Napster Peer To Peer Sharing Service

1999 : Napster the online music file sharing service starts as the first widely-used peer-to-peer sharing service allowing music fans to easily share MP3 format song files with each other. The service is shut down by court order in July 2001.

Born This Day In History 6th June

Celebrating Birthdays Today

Born: June 6th, 1945, San Francisco, California

Died: October 9th, 2000, Lakewood, Washington

Known For : David Dukes has most notably played dramatic roles on television. These have included parts in Herman Wouk's The Winds of War and War and Remembrance, George Washington, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and the Josephine Baker Story. He only had a limited number of movie roles, but had found a niche for playing diplomats and professional men in on television dramas he has worked in. His earlier Broadway work had included School for Wives, Bent, Amadeus and M. Butterfly. He died in a car accident in 2000.

2001 Democrats Gain Control of US Senate

2001 : Following the decision of Sen. James Jeffords of Vermont to leave the Republican Party and become an independent Democrats gain control of the U.S. Senate.

2001 USA Philip Morris

2001 : A Los Angeles court awards $3bn in punitive damages to Richard Boeken against cigarette maker Philip Morris saying they did not do enough to warn him of the dangers of smoking.

2005 USA Medicinal Use of Marijuana

2005 : The United States Supreme Court ruled 6-to-3 that under the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, which allows the United States Congress "To regulate Commerce. among the several States," Congress may ban the use of cannabis even where states approve its use for medicinal purposes. (Gonzales v. Raich [previously Ashcroft v. Raich], 545 U.S. 1 ). Therefore users can be prosecuted for violating federal drug laws. The case raises a number of constitutional questions as California is one of nine states that allowed medicinal use of marijuana.

2007 Germany G8 Summit

2007 : This years meeting of G8 Summit in Germany believes that tackling climate change is one of the key issues with much talk of targets and global treaties. One of the proposals to be discussed is Carbon Tax:= Impose a levy on polluters based on the amount of emissions they release. The members of the G8 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom and the United States) represent about 14% of the world population, but account for 65% of the world's economic output measured by gross domestic product. The G8 members discuss and attempt to address many global issues including poverty, Global warming, Health including the AIDS problem, terrorism law enforcement, labor, economic and social development, energy, foreign affairs, justice and interior and trade.

This Day Fun Info

From our 1870 to 1879 Page

Blue Jeans , Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent "Blue Jeans", using heavy duty cotton cloth and copper rivets they produce trousers that are virtually indestructible aimed at Miners, Farmers, Mechanics and cattle raisers. They were called originally "Copper Riveted Overalls".

This Day Fun Info

From our 1950s Furniture Page

1952 Gossip Bench
Price: $27.85
It's new. distinctive. different! Attractive. and mighty useful. Lovely mahogany finish. Recessed compartment for directory and note pads--closes out of the way. Fine hardwoods, mahogany finish. Washable medium green plastic cover. Comfortable padded seat.

2011 Suicide Bombing in Iraq

2011 : At least twelve people are killed in a suicide car bombing in Tikrit, Iraq. Another nineteen people were injured in the blast which targeted the entrance to palaces turned security offices. The blast occurred at same time as a checkpoint was being handed over from the police to the army, and several of the dead included officers.

2012 Vampire Skeletons Found in Bulgaria

2012 : Archaeologists found two medieval "vampire" skeletons. The skeletons had been pierced through the chest by an iron rod that was meant to pin them to their graves and to prevent them from becoming vampires.

2013 Japan Leak at Fukushima Plant

2013 : An operator at the Fukushima power plant has stated that a leak of radioactive water had been found in a storage tank at the plant. The plant had been severely damaged by a 2011 earthquake and had been dealing with contamination and leakage issues ever since.

Pre-made prints instant downloads for milestone birthdays and anniversaries with messages already added

We spent many hours researching cost of living information for each year and I created this page after being asked a number of times about why I did not include current prices alongside our cost of living information for each year and thought this was the easiest way to make the information available. includes Average Cost Of New Home, Average Wages, New Car cost, Gallon Of Gas and a 1lb Hamburger Meat, 1920 to 2021


UPI Almanac for Saturday, June 6, 2015

Today is Saturday, June 6, the 157th day of 2015 with 208 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Saturn and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include Spanish painter Diego Velazquez in 1599 American patriot Nathan Hale in 1755 painter John Trumbull in 1756 Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin in 1799 clothier David T. Abercrombie in 1867 British antarctic explorer Robert Falcon Scott in 1868 German novelist Thomas Mann in 1875 bandleader Ted Lewis in 1892 Indonesian dictator Achmed Sukarno in 1901 bandleader Jimmie Lunceford in 1902 singer Levi Stubbs in 1936 singer and Gary "U.S." Bonds in 1939 (age 76) Olympic gold medal sprinter/protester Tommie Smith in 1944 (age 71) actor David Dukes in 1945 actor Robert Englund in 1947 (age 68) actor Harvey Fierstein in 1952 (age 63) comedian Sandra Bernhard in 1955 (age 60) tennis player Bjorn Borg in 1956 (age 59) actor Amanda Pays in 1959 (age 56) actor Paul Giamatti in 1967 (age 48).

In 1844, the Young Men's Christian Association -- YMCA -- was founded in London.

In 1872, feminist Susan B. Anthony was fined for voting in an election in Rochester, N.Y. She refused to pay the fine and a judge allowed her to go free.

In 1933, the first drive-in movie theater opened -- in Camden, N.J.

In 1944, hundreds of thousands of Allied troops began crossing the English Channel in the D-Day invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. It was the largest invasion in history.

In 1966, James Meredith, who in 1962 became the first African-American to attend the University of Mississippi, was shot by a sniper during a civil rights "March Against Fear" in the South. (Meredith was hospitalized and recovered from his wounds, later rejoining the long march, which he had originated.)

In 1968, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, Democratic presidential candidate and former U.S. attorney general, died the day after he was struck by an assassin's bullets in California. He was 42.

In 1972, a coal mine explosion in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), trapped 464 miners underground. More than 425 people died.

In 1982, Israeli forces invaded Lebanon.

In 2007, the remains of thousands of Jews killed by Nazis during World War II were unearthed from a mass grave found by workers digging pipelines in Ukraine.

In 2009, a fire that inspectors said began in a tire store next door destroyed a child-care center in Hermosillo, Mexico, killing 35 children ages 1-5 and injuring about 100 others.

In 2012, a U.N. report said if current patterns of production and consumption of natural resources are not reversed the world will face "unprecedented levels of damage and degradation."

In 2013, Russian President Vladimir Putin and his wife, Lyudmila, said they were separating after three decades of marriage. (In April 2014, the Kremlin said they had divorced.)

In 2014, world leaders at D-Day 70th anniversary ceremonies in France included U.S. President Barack Obama, who told aging World War II veterans at the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial above Omaha Beach: "Gentlemen, we are truly humbled by your presence today,"

A thought for the day: "Compassion is not weakness, and concern for the unfortunate is not socialism." -- Hubert H. Humphrey


U.S. Confirms That It Gathers Online Data Overseas

WASHINGTON — The federal government has been secretly collecting information on foreigners overseas for nearly six years from the nation’s largest Internet companies like Google, Facebook and, most recently, Apple, in search of national security threats, the director of national intelligence confirmed Thursday night.

The confirmation of the classified program came just hours after government officials acknowledged a separate seven-year effort to sweep up records of telephone calls inside the United States. Together, the unfolding revelations opened a window into the growth of government surveillance that began under the Bush administration after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and has clearly been embraced and even expanded under the Obama administration.

Government officials defended the two surveillance initiatives as authorized under law, known to Congress and necessary to guard the country against terrorist threats. But an array of civil liberties advocates and libertarian conservatives said the disclosures provided the most detailed confirmation yet of what has been long suspected about what the critics call an alarming and ever-widening surveillance state.

The Internet surveillance program collects data from online providers including e-mail, chat services, videos, photos, stored data, file transfers, video conferencing and log-ins, according to classified documents obtained and posted by The Washington Post and then The Guardian on Thursday afternoon.

In confirming its existence, officials said that the program, called Prism, is authorized under a foreign intelligence law that was recently renewed by Congress, and maintained that it minimizes the collection and retention of information “incidentally acquired” about Americans and permanent residents. Several of the Internet companies said they did not allow the government open-ended access to their servers but complied with specific lawful requests for information.

“It cannot be used to intentionally target any U.S. citizen, any other U.S. person, or anyone located within the United States,” James Clapper, the director of national intelligence, said in a statement, describing the law underlying the program. “Information collected under this program is among the most important and valuable intelligence information we collect, and is used to protect our nation from a wide variety of threats.”

The Prism program grew out of the National Security Agency’s desire several years ago to begin addressing the agency’s need to keep up with the explosive growth of social media, according to people familiar with the matter.

The dual revelations, in rapid succession, also suggested that someone with access to high-level intelligence secrets had decided to unveil them in the midst of furor over leak investigations. Both were reported by The Guardian, while The Post, relying upon the same presentation, almost simultaneously reported the Internet company tapping. The Post said a disenchanted intelligence official provided it with the documents to expose government overreach.

Before the disclosure of the Internet company surveillance program on Thursday, the White House and Congressional leaders defended the phone program, saying it was legal and necessary to protect national security.

Josh Earnest, a White House spokesman, told reporters aboard Air Force One that the kind of surveillance at issue “has been a critical tool in protecting the nation from terror threats as it allows counterterrorism personnel to discover whether known or suspected terrorists have been in contact with other persons who may be engaged in terrorist activities, particularly people located inside the United States.” He added: “The president welcomes a discussion of the trade-offs between security and civil liberties.”

The Guardian and The Post posted several slides from the 41-page presentation about the Internet program, listing the companies involved — which included Yahoo, Microsoft, Paltalk, AOL, Skype and YouTube — and the dates they joined the program, as well as listing the types of information collected under the program.

The reports came as President Obama was traveling to meet President Xi Jinping of China at an estate in Southern California, a meeting intended to address among other things complaints about Chinese cyberattacks and spying. Now that conversation will take place amid discussion of America’s own vast surveillance operations.

But while the administration and lawmakers who supported the telephone records program emphasized that all three branches of government had signed off on it, Anthony Romero of the American Civil Liberties Union denounced the surveillance as an infringement of fundamental individual liberties, no matter how many parts of the government approved of it.

“A pox on all the three houses of government,” Mr. Romero said. “On Congress, for legislating such powers, on the FISA court for being such a paper tiger and rubber stamp, and on the Obama administration for not being true to its values.”

Others raised concerns about whether the telephone program was effective.

Word of the program emerged when The Guardian posted an April order from the secret foreign intelligence court directing a subsidiary of Verizon Communications to give the N.S.A. “on an ongoing daily basis” until July logs of communications “between the United States and abroad” or “wholly within the United States, including local telephone calls.”

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On Thursday, Senators Dianne Feinstein of California and Saxby Chambliss of Georgia, the top Democrat and top Republican on the Intelligence Committee, said the court order appeared to be a routine reauthorization as part of a broader program that lawmakers have long known about and supported.

“As far as I know, this is an exact three-month renewal of what has been the case for the past seven years,” Ms. Feinstein said, adding that it was carried out by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court “under the business records section of the Patriot Act.”

“Therefore, it is lawful,” she said. “It has been briefed to Congress.”

While refusing to confirm or to directly comment on the reported court order, Verizon, in an internal e-mail to employees, defended its release of calling information to the N.S.A. Randy Milch, an executive vice president and general counsel, wrote that “the law authorizes the federal courts to order a company to provide information in certain circumstances, and if Verizon were to receive such an order, we would be required to comply.”

Sprint and AT&T have also received demands for data from national security officials, according to people familiar with the requests. Those companies as well as T-Mobile and CenturyLink declined to say Thursday whether they were or had been under a similar court order.

Lawmakers and administration officials who support the phone program defended it in part by noting that it was only for “metadata” — like logs of calls sent and received — and did not involve listening in on people’s conversations.

The Internet company program appeared to involve eavesdropping on the contents of communications of foreigners. The senior administration official said its legal basis was the so-called FISA Amendments Act, a 2008 law that allows the government to obtain an order from a national security court to conduct blanket surveillance of foreigners abroad without individualized warrants even if the interception takes place on American soil.

The law, which Congress reauthorized in late 2012, is controversial in part because Americans’ e-mails and phone calls can be swept into the database without an individualized court order when they communicate with people overseas. While the newspapers portrayed the classified documents as indicating that the N.S.A. obtained direct access to the companies’ servers, several of the companies — including Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple — denied that the government could do so. Instead, the companies have negotiated with the government technical means to provide specific data in response to court orders, according to people briefed on the arrangements.

“Google cares deeply about the security of our users’ data,” the company said in a statement. “We disclose user data to government in accordance with the law and we review all such requests carefully. From time to time, people allege that we have created a government ‘backdoor’ into our systems, but Google does not have a ‘backdoor’ for the government to access private user data.”

While murky questions remained about the Internet company program, the confirmation of the calling log program solved a mystery that has puzzled national security legal policy observers in Washington for years: why a handful of Democrats on the Senate Intelligence Committee were raising cryptic alarms about Section 215 of the Patriot Act, the law Congress enacted after the 9/11 attacks.

Section 215 made it easier for the government to obtain a secret order for business records, so long as they were deemed relevant to a national security investigation.

Section 215 is among the sections of the Patriot Act that have periodically come up for renewal. Since around 2009, a handful of Democratic senators briefed on the program — including Ron Wyden of Oregon — have sought to tighten that standard to require a specific nexus to terrorism before someone’s records could be obtained, while warning that the statute was being interpreted in an alarming way that they could not detail because it was classified.

On Thursday, Mr. Wyden confirmed that the program is what he and others have been expressing concern about. He said he hoped the disclosure would “force a real debate” about whether such “sweeping, dragnet surveillance” should be permitted — or is even effective.

But just as efforts by Mr. Wyden and fellow skeptics, including Senators Richard J. Durbin of Illinois and Mark Udall of Colorado, to tighten standards on whose communications logs could be obtained under the Patriot Act have repeatedly failed, their criticism was engulfed in a clamor of broad, bipartisan support for the program.

“If we don’t do it,” said Senator Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina, “we’re crazy.”

And Representative Mike Rogers, Republican of Michigan and the chairman of the House Intelligence Committee, claimed in a news conference that the program helped stop a significant domestic terrorist attack in the United States in the last few years. He gave no details.

It has long been known that one aspect of the Bush administration’s program of surveillance without court oversight involved vacuuming up communications metadata and mining the database to identify associates — called a “community of interest” — of a suspected terrorist.

In December 2005, The New York Times revealed the existence of elements of that program, setting off a debate about civil liberties and the rule of law. But in early 2007, Alberto R. Gonzales, then the attorney general, announced that after months of extensive negotiation, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court had approved “innovative” and “complex” orders bringing the surveillance programs under its authority.


Welcome Summer

And All TheseFood Holidays

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Although we&rsquore not quite sure why National Turkey Lover&rsquos Month is in June, we&rsquore not complaining&mdashwe love turkey anytime.

  • National Mango Month
  • National Papaya Month
  • National Seafood Month
  • National Steakhouse Month
  • National Turkey Lover&rsquos Month

Negroni Week is the second week in June.

In addition to celebrating a monthly or weekly holiday, each day of the month brings a new festivity:

  • June 4: National Cheese Day
  • June 4: National Frozen Yogurt Day
  • June 4: National Cognac Day
  • June 5: National Gingerbread Day
  • June 5: National Veggie Burger Day
  • June 5: World Environment Day
  • June 6: National Applesauce Cake Day
  • June 7: National Chocolate Ice Cream Day
  • June 8: National Jelly Doughnut Day
  • June 8: World Oceans Day
    (Sustainable Seafood)
  • June 9: National Strawberry-Rhubarb Pie Day
  • June 10: Herbs & Spices Day
  • June 10: National Black Cow Day
    A root beer float made with chocolate ice cream .
  • June 10: National Iced Tea Day
  • June 10: National Rosé Wine Day*
    *VARIES: It’s the second Saturday of June.
  • June 11: National Elote Day
  • June 11: National German Chocolate Cake Day
  • June 11: National Pizza Margherita Day
  • June 12: International Cachaça Day
  • June 12: International Falafel Day
  • June 12: National Jerky Day
  • June 12: National Peanut Butter Cookie Day
  • June 13: Kitchen Klutzes of America Day
  • June 13: National Cucumber Day
  • June 14: National Strawberry Shortcake Day
  • June 15: National Lobster Day*
  • June 15: World Gin Day
  • June 15: National Cannoli Day
  • June 16: National Fudge Day
  • June 17: Eat All Your Veggies Day
  • June 17: National Apple Strudel Day
  • June 18: National Cherry Tart Day
  • June 18: International Picnic Day
  • June 18: National Splurge Day
  • June 18: National Sushi Day
  • June 19: National Dry Martini Day
  • June 20: National Vanilla Milkshake
    Day
  • June 21: National Peaches and
    Cream Day
  • June 21: National Smoothie Day
  • June 22: National Chocolate Éclair
    Day
  • June 22: National Onion Rings
    Day
  • June 23: National Pecan Sandy
    Day
  • June 24: National Pralines Day
  • June 25: National Catfish Day
  • June 25: National Strawberry Parfait Day
  • June 26: National Chocolate Pudding
    Day
  • June 27: National Indian Pudding
    Day
  • June 27: National Orange Blossom
    Day
  • June 28: National Ceviche Day
  • June 28: National Tapioca Day
  • June 29: National Almond
    Buttercrunch Day
  • June 30: National Ice Cream Soda
    Day
  • June 30: National Mai Tai Day

*National Lobster Day was moved to September 25th in 2015 by an act of the U.S. Senate. The resolution was introduced by Maine Senators Susan Collins and Angus King, after no one could find any official approval of June 15th. However the old National Lobster Day, June 15th, is still being widely celebrated today. Keep the old and the new, we say. Here’s more information.

Continue To The July Food Holidays


On National Almond Butter Crunch Day (June 29), treat yourself to one of the best: Enstrom&rsquos.

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Baseball History on June 6

Baseball Births on June 6 / Baseball Deaths on June 6

Players Born on, Died on, Debut on, Finished on June 6

Baseball history on June 6 includes a total of 55 Major League baseball players born that day of the year, 23 Major League baseball players who died on that date, 64 baseball players who made their Major League debut on that date, and 69 Major League baseball players who appeared in their final game that date.

Bill James, on the same page of the same book we used at the top of this page, said, "But as I began to do research on the history of baseball (in order to discuss the players more intelligently) I began to feel that there was a history a baseball that had not been written at that time, a history of good and ordinary players, a history of being a fan, a history of games that meant something at the time but mean nothing now." To that end, I have created Baseball Almanac. A site to worship baseball. A site by a fan who is trying to tell the history of good and ordinary baseball players.


When is четверг the 6th?

How often does the 6th day of a month fall on a четверг.

четверг the 6th occurrences
YearDateMonthSince lastComment
2010четверг 6 май 2010 г.май 1 time in year 2010
2011четверг 6 январь 2011 г.январь+ 8 months2 times in year 2011
четверг 6 октябрь 2011 г.октябрь+ 9 months
2012четверг 6 сентябрь 2012 г.сентябрь+ 11 months2 times in year 2012
четверг 6 декабрь 2012 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2013четверг 6 июнь 2013 г.июнь+ 6 months1 time in year 2013
2014четверг 6 февраль 2014 г.февраль+ 8 months3 times in year 2014
четверг 6 март 2014 г.март+ 1 months
четверг 6 ноябрь 2014 г.ноябрь+ 8 months
2015четверг 6 август 2015 г.август+ 9 months1 time in year 2015
2016четверг 6 октябрь 2016 г.октябрь+ 14 months1 time in year 2016
2017четверг 6 апрель 2017 г.апрель+ 6 months2 times in year 2017
четверг 6 июль 2017 г.июль+ 3 months
2018четверг 6 сентябрь 2018 г.сентябрь+ 14 months2 times in year 2018
четверг 6 декабрь 2018 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2019четверг 6 июнь 2019 г.июнь+ 6 months1 time in year 2019
2020четверг 6 февраль 2020 г.февраль+ 8 months2 times in year 2020
четверг 6 август 2020 г.август+ 6 months
2021четверг 6 май 2021 г.май+ 9 months1 time in year 2021
2022четверг 6 январь 2022 г.январь+ 8 months2 times in year 2022
четверг 6 октябрь 2022 г.октябрь+ 9 months
2023четверг 6 апрель 2023 г.апрель+ 6 months2 times in year 2023
четверг 6 июль 2023 г.июль+ 3 months
2024четверг 6 июнь 2024 г.июнь+ 11 months1 time in year 2024
2025четверг 6 февраль 2025 г.февраль+ 8 months3 times in year 2025
четверг 6 март 2025 г.март+ 1 months
четверг 6 ноябрь 2025 г.ноябрь+ 8 months
2026четверг 6 август 2026 г.август+ 9 months1 time in year 2026
2027четверг 6 май 2027 г.май+ 9 months1 time in year 2027
2028четверг 6 январь 2028 г.январь+ 8 months3 times in year 2028
четверг 6 апрель 2028 г.апрель+ 3 months
четверг 6 июль 2028 г.июль+ 3 months
2029четверг 6 сентябрь 2029 г.сентябрь+ 14 months2 times in year 2029
четверг 6 декабрь 2029 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2030четверг 6 июнь 2030 г.июнь+ 6 months1 time in year 2030
2031четверг 6 февраль 2031 г.февраль+ 8 months3 times in year 2031
четверг 6 март 2031 г.март+ 1 months
четверг 6 ноябрь 2031 г.ноябрь+ 8 months
2032четверг 6 май 2032 г.май+ 6 months1 time in year 2032
2033четверг 6 январь 2033 г.январь+ 8 months2 times in year 2033
четверг 6 октябрь 2033 г.октябрь+ 9 months
2034четверг 6 апрель 2034 г.апрель+ 6 months2 times in year 2034
четверг 6 июль 2034 г.июль+ 3 months
2035четверг 6 сентябрь 2035 г.сентябрь+ 14 months2 times in year 2035
четверг 6 декабрь 2035 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2036четверг 6 март 2036 г.март+ 3 months2 times in year 2036
четверг 6 ноябрь 2036 г.ноябрь+ 8 months
2037четверг 6 август 2037 г.август+ 9 months1 time in year 2037
2038четверг 6 май 2038 г.май+ 9 months1 time in year 2038
2039четверг 6 январь 2039 г.январь+ 8 months2 times in year 2039
четверг 6 октябрь 2039 г.октябрь+ 9 months
2040четверг 6 сентябрь 2040 г.сентябрь+ 11 months2 times in year 2040
четверг 6 декабрь 2040 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2041четверг 6 июнь 2041 г.июнь+ 6 months1 time in year 2041
2042четверг 6 февраль 2042 г.февраль+ 8 months3 times in year 2042
четверг 6 март 2042 г.март+ 1 months
четверг 6 ноябрь 2042 г.ноябрь+ 8 months
2043четверг 6 август 2043 г.август+ 9 months1 time in year 2043
2044четверг 6 октябрь 2044 г.октябрь+ 14 months1 time in year 2044
2045четверг 6 апрель 2045 г.апрель+ 6 months2 times in year 2045
четверг 6 июль 2045 г.июль+ 3 months
2046четверг 6 сентябрь 2046 г.сентябрь+ 14 months2 times in year 2046
четверг 6 декабрь 2046 г.декабрь+ 3 months
2047четверг 6 июнь 2047 г.июнь+ 6 months1 time in year 2047
2048четверг 6 февраль 2048 г.февраль+ 8 months2 times in year 2048
четверг 6 август 2048 г.август+ 6 months
2049четверг 6 май 2049 г.май+ 9 months1 time in year 2049
2050четверг 6 январь 2050 г.январь+ 8 months2 times in year 2050
четверг 6 октябрь 2050 г.октябрь+ 9 months
Between years 2010 and 2050 this occurs 69 times. Upcoming occurrence is highlighted .


Watch the video: 7 ΜΕΡΕΣ CINEMA. Τετάρτη 7 Ιουνίου 2017. Ώρα. (November 2021).